What is ECN Forex Trading?
ECN, which stands for Electronic Communication Network, really is the way of the future for the Foreign Exchange Markets. ECN can best be described as a bridge linking smaller market participants with its liquidity providers through a FOREX ECN Broker.
This linkage is done using sophisticated technology setup named FIX Protocol (Financial Information Exchange Protocol). At one end, the broker obtains liquidity from its liquidity providers and makes it available for trading to its clients. On the other side, the broker delivers clients' orders to Liquidity Providers for execution.
The ECN automatically matches and executes the orders requested, which are filled at the best available prices. One of the extra benefits of ECNs, over and above the existing legacy online trading venues, is that the networks can be accessed and are often more efficient during "after hours" trading, which is a particularly relevant benefit for FX transactions.
ECNs are also highly efficient for traders operating EAs (expert advisors) for automated trading, as the speed of execution is accelerated. Certain ECNs are configured to serve institutional investors, others are designed to serve retail investors, others are compiled to cross over between both sectors, ensuring that retail traders can experience similar levels of quotes and spreads to that of institutions.
An ECN broker benefits from commission fees per transaction. The higher trading volume the broker's clients generate, the higher the broker's profitability.
That unique trading model ensures ECN brokers never trade against their clients and that ECN spreads are much tighter than those quoted by standard brokers. ECN brokers also charge clients a fixed, transparent commission on every transaction. Trading with FXCC as part of the efficiency delivered by an ECN, results in lower fees, whilst there is the added benefit of additional trading time availability. Because we gather price quotations from several market participants, we are able to offer our clients tighter bid/ask spreads than would be otherwise available.